[PDF] Transforming Paris The Life and Labors of Baron Haussmann Author David P. Jordan

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Transforming Paris The Life and Labors of Baron Haussmann

REVIEW Å Transforming Paris The Life and Labors of Baron Haussmann David P. Jordan ¸ 8 REVIEW CHARACTERS Î eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ¸ David P. Jordan Formed Napoleon I's Arc de Triomphe into a magnificent twelve armed star from which radiated the broadest boulevards of Europe Below ground his modern sewer system became one of the wonders of the civilized world eagerly toured by royalty and commoners alike Haussmann's mandate was not only to create an impression of grandeur but to secure the city for better control by government By creating formal spaces where there had previously been a maze of chaotic streets Haussmann opened Paris to effective police control and thwarted the recurrent demonstration of its well known revolutionary fervor The determined and autocratic Haussmann imprinted rational order and bourgeois civility on the un. This was one of the resources for my research into the Paris Commune 1871 Not only does this book provide wonderful information about the layout of Paris as we know it today the author helped me understand the social stucture of the time In addition plans and actions detailed by the author dovetailed nicely with the subseuent rationale of the CommunardsBy itself this book is very informative as background information for a researcher Jordan s volumn is crucial

CHARACTERS Î eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ¸ David P. Jordan

REVIEW Å Transforming Paris The Life and Labors of Baron Haussmann David P. Jordan ¸ 8 REVIEW CHARACTERS Î eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ¸ David P. Jordan Ruly city which had for so long simmered with riot and insurrection Though he planted chestnut trees installed gas lights rebuilt the water supply and improved transportation and housing Haussmann's labors were and remain controversial He forced tens of thousands ofthe poor from the center of the city and destroyed significant parts of old Paris But in this important new biography David Jordan reminds us that Haussmann was not immune to the charms of the old city By leaving some areas intact the Baron achieved the grand effect of implanting a modern city boldly within an ancient one Here at last Haussmann's labors are given the aesthetic as well as the historical appreciation they deserv. During the 18th and early 19th centuries there were two Parises One magnificent one sualid David P Jordan offers a thorough description of how Paris underwent a major urban change in 1853 70 to become a healthy airy and beautiful place thanks to the rather iron fisted leadership of Georges Eug ne Haussmann Some 100 years earlier the philosopher Voltaire had abhorred the filth and disarray of what he knew should have been beautiful in Paris He wrote a pamphlet pleading for cleaning of the city s classical and historical areas and lamenting the lack of public markets fountains regular intersections and theaters He called for widening the narrow and infected streets for uncovering the beauties languishing beneath Gothic sprawl and sualor The philosopher ended his pamphlet with a prayer for a genius who could beautify the city 14 15 Voltaire s wish would take another century to be realized but his plea was prophetic Although Napol on Bonaparte made plans in the early 19th century for renovations in the capital city he ultimately spent too much money on military campaigns to be able to effect any positive changes in Paris 40 It would not be until 1852 when Bonaparte s nephew Louis Napoleon proclaimed himself Napoleon III and established France s Second Empire which thrived until the Franco Prussian War in 1870 71 that the task of rebuilding renovating revitalizing and beautifying Paris would begin in earnest And to head up the project the emperor chose Georges Eug ne Haussmann whose name would engender a new noun haussmanization that henceforth has connoted the process of drastic centralized violent urban renewal 10 Haussmann who had distinguished himself previously in urban planning in Bordeaux and other regions of France later gave himself the title of Baron although he had no legal right to it In keeping with this attitude specifics of haussmannization have come to mean integrating all the parts great and small into a single organism the predominance of transportation the importance of parks administrative genius contempt for democratic procedures and a penchant for bullying 11 Haussmann s sickly childhood in the Alsace and a boyhood trip to Paris during which he was sickened by the four air portended his later obsession with cleanliness and passion for sewers and clean water He hated the chaotic nature of Parisian streets that were filthy impassable and crowded with dark houses many of which clustering around the Louvre and throughout the Ile de la Cit which had become so eclectic and chaotic that it no longer defined Paris In short the Paris Haussmann inherited in 1853 was essentially a medieval city with a decaying core The best ualities Haussmann imposed on Paris were grandeur rational order progress cleanliness though not surprisingly his ruthless demolition sparked criticism at every turn His first step in transformation was condemnations and demotions of unhealthy areas Haussmannization at its extreme was urban renewal by demotion Some 15000 homes were destroyed the le de la Cit gutted leaving the lovely classical areas intact The city was then bound together with the Grande Crois e crossing the Ile de la Cit with the goal of free movement The most obvious physical and visible characteristics of hausmannization were his wide boulevards particularly on the Right Bank with their uniformity of scale and similarity of design that proclaimed orderliness ease of movement unfortunately at the expense of many residents whose homes were demolished to allow for the widening many fled to continued poverty in the city s outskirts Haussmann neglected building up areas for the less privileged drove them from Old Paris made the city marvelous for those who could afford it 248 He added seven streets to the Place de l Etoile to make 12 for perfect symmetry The most complex of Haussmann s urban centers was the uartier de l Op ra with its six new major streets new gare and a new concept grands magasins Charles Garnier was chosen to design the opulent new opera building Haussmann enlarged parks and gardens and celebrated the achievements of industry with new grates benches grillwork lamps and railings Though it took the urban planner 10 years of disputes before he could get water reforms going the resulting sewers and water supply of Paris were the only universally praised aspects of haussmannization 267 His sewers were so clean and successful that they became one of the wonders of new Paris and the world At the 1867 Expo tours of sewers attracted royalty At this point the author gives readers much detail about the new sewer system that we really need to know Haussmann was considered a careerist an opportunist a man bereft of culture or taste Jordan states yet his life s work the transformation of Paris is a great and enduring accomplishment

David P. Jordan ¸ 8 REVIEW

REVIEW Å Transforming Paris The Life and Labors of Baron Haussmann David P. Jordan ¸ 8 REVIEW CHARACTERS Î eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ¸ David P. Jordan The Paris we know today with its grand boulevards its bridges and parks its monumental beauty was essentially built in only seventeen years in the middle of the nineteenth century In this brief period whole neighborhoods of medieval and revolutionary Paris over crowded dangerous and filthy were razed and from the rubble a modern city of light and air emerged This triumphant rebuilding was chiefly the work of one man Baron Georges Haussmann Napoleon III's Prefect of the Seine It was Haussmann's task to assert in stone the power and permanence of Paris to show the world that it was the seat of an empire of mythic proportions To this end he imposed grand visual perspectives as when he trans. If Haussmann could have grovelled at his own feet I do believe he would have A distinctly unlikeable man His memoirs and letters bespeak a man whose arrogance is so great he feels no need to hide it In the twenty two years that I have been in departmental administration he wrote I have never seen a prefect greeted as I came to be greeted Jordan writes of him Haussmann might inspire respect but he rarely engendered friendshipHe had no instinct for personal affection he generated no warmthI have difficulty visualizing complex descriptions so Jordan s discussions of the changes Haussmann made were mostly lost on me His comparison of Haussmann to Robert Moses made sense to me it was one of the first things I thought when reading about the way he pushed through neighborhoods without concern for those who lived in them

  • Hardcover
  • 455
  • Transforming Paris The Life and Labors of Baron Haussmann
  • David P. Jordan
  • English
  • 08 March 2019
  • 9780029165317