Maoism A Global History Pdf ebook by Julia Lovell – eBook, Kindle eBook and Epub Read

  • Hardcover
  • 624
  • Maoism A Global History
  • Julia Lovell
  • English
  • 10 April 2019
  • 9781847922496

Julia Lovell Þ 4 Read & Download

Read & Download ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Þ Julia Lovell Julia Lovell Þ 4 Read & Download Read & Download Maoism A Global History Al of Maoism has always extended beyond China Across the globe Maoism was a crucial motor of the Cold War it shaped the course of the Vietnam War and the international youth rebellion it triggered and brought to power the murderous Khmer Rouge in Cambodia; it aided and sometimes handed victory to anti colonial resistance movements in Africa; it inspired terrorism in Germany and Italy and wars and insurgencies in Peru India and Nepal some of which are still with us today – than forty years after the death of MaoIn this new hist. This well researched wide ranging book analyses the spread of Maoism both as an independently transmitted ideology and as an plank of Chinese Foreign Policy in the mid 20th century It provides a fantastic wide lens perspective not only on the Chinese Revolution but on the decolonizing process in Asia and Africa in general The chapters on Indonesia and Cambodia as well as the detailed discussion of the Sino Vietnamese relationship will be fascinating for anyone seriously interested in this eraAlthough Lovell is frank in her assessment of Maoism s many terrifying disasters the book manages to avoid being a boring condemnation by numbers of Mao and his policies It attempts a real look inside the forces that shaped the lives of billions destroying many in the process yet paradoxically creating the first Third World superpower Lovell s background is in Chinese language culture and especially literature and the reverence with which she takes her subject and the depth of her research sets this book apart from the standard polemical denunciations of Mao and his eraHowever despite the breadth of her knowledge of and enthusiasm for China the same depth doesn t extend to her analysis of communism and she treats Maoism as of a cultural phenomenon than a political theory For example the chapter on Western Europe in 1968 spends a great deal of time discussing Maoist inspired Marxist Leninist splinter groups but never gets round to explaining what a Marxist Leninist party actually is The chapter also lacks any discussion of Eurocommunist and Trotskyist tendencies within the 60 s European left which leaves me feeling like the Maoist angle has been overemphasised and a serious dissection of 1960s radicalism overlooked This gap in her analysis is reflected again towards the end when she paints a picture the Chinese system of government as an unfathomable and opaue monolith underpinning a few important historical actors rather than an extensively theorised political system The final chapter makes a few intriguing observations on the rise of neo Maoism under China s current administration but tells us very little about how either the Maoist or Post Maoist state is actually structuredLovell s narrative style is colourful and dynamic and she is not adverse to painting historical snapshots in order to illustrate important moments from a humane perspective Maoism A Global History is therefore enjoyable relatively easy to read and provides an invigorating China centric perspective of the Cold War world It is however much a book about the Cold War than a book about Maoist ideology and theory despite the title

Read & Download ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Þ Julia LovellMaoism A Global History

Read & Download ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Þ Julia Lovell Julia Lovell Þ 4 Read & Download Read & Download Maoism A Global History Ory acclaimed historian Julia Lovell re evaluates Maoism analysing both China’s engagement with the movement and its legacy on a global canvas It’s a story that takes us from the tea plantations of north India to the sierras of the Andes from Paris’s 5th Arrondissement to the fields of Tanzania from the rice paddies of Cambodia to the terraces of BrixtonStarting from the movement’s birth in northwest China in the 1930s and unfolding right up to its present day violent rebirth this is the definitive history of global Maoi. Maoism A Global History by Julia Lovell is a history on the idea and application of Maoism Maoism is a form of communism that focused on Chairman Mao founder of the People s Republic of China Maoism features numerous proverbs and uotes from Mao all put together into his Little Red Book Mao s own book of proverbs From the founding of the PRC up until Deng Xiaoping took power China sought to export this form of governance throughout the world promoting revolutionary governments armies and rebels across the globe Maoism s history is turbulent and violent It is intensely focused on armed struggle a leadership cult constant revolution and focuses on mobilizing peasants over workers This communist ideology was popular in nations with low industrialization and spread throughout the globe until the excesses and violence of the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution showed the world how twisted Maoism could be Deng Xiaoping distanced the PRC from this ideology instead focusing on socialism with Chinese characteristics and sought to bring Capitalism back to China in a limited form Even so Maoism remains influential in some areas it is the main ideology of Peru s now defunct Shining Path movement which fought a grueling decades long civil war in Peru The Nepalese Communists were heavily influenced by Maoism as well and were semi successful in creating a new shared government in Kathmandu where they remain one of the countries main political actors to this day The Indian Nalaxite movement is also Maoist and has been particularly active in the past decade fighting a war that is both classist and ethnic against an overbearing Indian state This book is one of the few books out there that focuses on this subject Maoism has long been tarred in the West both during the hysterical highs of the Red Scare and up to today due to the brutality of Mao s revolution The West often portrays Mao and his ideology as meglomaniac mad authoritarian and foolhardy And truth be told it largely was But what is often overlooked is its impact on global events Not so much the clown of communism Maoism instead had a huge ad influential impact on global events The Korean and Vietnamese Wars were both heavily influenced by Mao s ideology with its communist counterparts and the ham fisted responses against it by the Western bloc Maoism is the most anti colonial form of Communism and was embraced by those fighting anti colonial struggles China int turn heavily supported regimes that adhered to Maoism Khmer Rouge in Cambodia Albania Zimbabwe etc It was also responsible influential in mobilizing insurgencies that failed such as in Indonesia and Malaysia These revolutions ran out of steam as they promoted people s war and mobilization of the peasants with little thought for logistical planning or political forethought Lovell notes the brutality of Maoism but also why it was necessary The excesses of Maoism in China and Cambodia are well know and in many ways genocidal Millions died during these massive experiments in economics warfare and politics both from direct killings but also from starvation and poor management Many of the issues with Maoism stemmed from its reliance on a personality cult to keep power and its focus on slogans over practicalities Folksy wisdom may work in some cases but in most it is not accurate enough to sustain itself However it was also a counterpoint to many injustices Vietnamese Communists carrying the Little Red Book overthrew a brutal colonial regime In Indonesia these communists were killed in their hundreds of thousands by brutal Western baked militias In Africa centuries of colonial suppression that also resulted in the death of millions due to poor planning and brutality had taken their toll and the radical anti colonialism and communism found in Mao s ideas were like mana from heaven The brutality of imperialism and colonialism has had just as much of a negative impact if not than Maoism and Maoism was also a direct result of the former s brutality This is an excellent and detailed academic account of Maoism as history It stays firmly away from both the naive rhetoric of communist zealots and the arrogant and ignorant capitalistWestern rhetoric on communism as a failed political ideology Instead Lovell looks at the practical history of Maoism and how it influenced movements across the globe that sought some form of a better life for the poorest in society regardless of their success or exploitation from unscrupulous actors Lovell has done an excellent job at showing just how influential this ideology was on global events in the 20th century and how it still has the chops to influence anti imperial struggles in India This was a good read about an ideology that has been marred in violence and death but also in misinformation and anti communist rhetoric Instead what Lovell has shown is that regardless of events Maoism was and remains a powerful and important ideology and one that must be understood well

Read & Download Maoism A Global History

Read & Download ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Þ Julia Lovell Julia Lovell Þ 4 Read & Download Read & Download Maoism A Global History Since the heyday of Mao Zedong there has never been a crucial time to understand MaosimAlthough to Western eyes it seems that China has long abandoned the utopian turmoil of Maoism in favour of authoritarian capitalism Mao and his ideas remain central to the People’ Republic and the legitimacy of its communist government As disagreements and conflicts between China and the West are likely to mount the need to understand the political legacy of Mao will only become urgentYet during Mao’s lifetime and beyond the power and appe. Page 59 my book Somehow Maoism is the creed of winners and insiders of losers and outsiders of leaders and underdogs of absolute rulers vast disciplined bureaucracies and oppressed massesMaoism is here to stay so with the current economic ascendancy of China It was said during the 1980s and 1990s that as China was embracing economic capitalism they would become like us and embrace political liberalism it now seems that the world is becoming like China politicallyIn contrast to the Soviet Union China was a country who liberated itself from imperialist oppression with Mao as the leader This had a vast appeal to Third World countries who had like China been dominated for centuries by European powers The start of the cult of Maoism began when an American journalist visited Mao in 1936 and then published his now famous book Red Star Over China which was translated into many languages including Mandarin Edgar Snow was duped by Mao and his cohorts the book paints a very rosy picture of a utopian egalitarian communism of Mao s revolutionaries Mao edited much of what was transcribed in Edgar Snow s book and Snow did not see all the hardships and problems that the Chinese communist revolution was enduring It was true that at this time China was a very fractured state in civil war with itself and the Japanese invaders Also several warlords were vying for territorial power Over the decades this book influenced many revolutionaries or would be revolutionaries the world over It and the Little Red Book became standard reading material for all leftistsThere were several characteristics common to all Mao groups that sprang up over the decades One was the cultish atmosphere There was a religious feeling to belonging to a Mao group Just as in China dissension or the uestioning of the leader was not tolerated Violence would always be an essential parameterOne of the main axioms of the Chairman aka the Great Helmsman is Power comes out of the barrel of a gun Pol Pot of Cambodia took Maoism to its extreme endThis also illustrates another appeal of Mao His writings and expressions are accessible simplified and straight forward none of the complex dialectics of Marx and LeninMaoism encourages dictatorship a leader who is absolute and ruthless in eliminating anyone perceived as an enemyThis book examines Mao groups that sprang up in Indonesia Peru The Shining Path Nepal and India where there is a still a large swath of territory controlled by Maoist groups The interesting feature of all these Maoists is that they were started and lead by university educated elitists intellectuals for the most part They were not poor and disenfranchised It is similar in Western Europe and North America however I kind of take issue with the author and feel overall that many who joined are rebellious than Maoist The Mao emblem was like a lure for these middle class Europeans and North Americans perhaps a similar parallel to joining a motivated religious groupPage 137 A billion copies of the Little Red Book were printed in dozens of languages between 1966 and 1971The author also points out that China did play a significant role in foreign countries during Mao s lifetime even if China wants to minimize knowledge of this Many of the revolutionaries from abroad made multiple visits to China and became inspired but not allPage 206 John Hevi a student in China from Ghana What sort of freedom can Africans expect from the hands of those who keep their own people in such subjection China provided much aid to African countries like Tanzania over the years This influence of China in Africa goes on to this day with Africa being used as a resource for China s vast manufacturers for on this see China s Second Continent How a Million Migrants Are Building a New Empire in Africa by Howard FrenchThe author interestingly gives us the Vietnam War from the Chinese perspective and the tensions that existed between China Vietnam and Cambodia Vietnam at war s end minimized the aid provided by China during the long war and was seen as ungrateful by China The Vietnamese viewed the Chinese as meddlesomePage 225 The Vietnamese feared that Indochina would become China s domino while the Cambodians and the Chinese were suspicious of Vietnamese ambitions to dominate the region Another appeal of Maoism was that it gave women at times a significant rolePage 400 Kamala a female in Nepal As an individual disadvantaged by gender ethnicity and social class from one of the most underdeveloped parts of the country Kamala drew from the Maoist movement organizational ideological physical and moral support in her fight for self realizationThe scope of this book is vast and Maoism and its many offshoots around the world are given a uniue coverage